LEFT BEHIND: Trials & Tribulations

A would-be assailant of the two witnesses becomes toast (Rev 11:3-6)

Picture of the two witnesses of Revelation from TRIBULATION FORCE Vol #4

"The Future Is Clear..."

You may have heard this from the hard-core "bible thumpers" out there about the "end times", the "rapture", and the appearance of "the Antichrist" many times before over the past few decades. Now imagine it all coming true in the fashion that has been revealed almost 2000 years ago by the spirit of Jesus Christ to his beloved disciple John, which was then recorded in the Book of Revelation. People suddenly vanishing right in front of your eyes or right behind your back in "the twinkling of an eye", leaving behind friends and family to be with Christ for a time in preparation for the ultimate war of good versus evil.

Can this scenario actually happen? Who truly knows but God, who gave us but a preview of this potential future. Now theologian Dr. Tim LaHaye and writer Jerry B. Jenkins bring to fictional life the events of "the Great Tribulation" unfolding in the modern age with the LEFT BEHIND story series, which began in 1995 and continued on to this day, leading up to its inevitable conclusion in Glorious Appearing and Kingdom Come. One can only hope and pray, though, that such an event happening in reality will bring all of us together in the spirit of the Lord's love and holiness to combat the greatest force of evil.

The Characters

These are not all the characters that appear in the story series, but they are the focal characters:

RAYFORD STEELE the airline pilot who was a witness to the disappearings and eventually became a member of the Tribulation Force. After the death of Bruce Barnes, Rayford eventually became the leader and was in charge of overseeing activities in protecting believers and Jewish refugees.  He is now currently helping to rebuild countries that have been devastated by the Tribulation judgments.
RAYMIE STEELE the son of Rayford and Irene Steele who was raptured along with his mother and other believers, and has now returned with Jesus Christ and all the saints who have been raptured or died as martyrs.  He is now one of the workers of the Children of the Tribulation school and one of the founding members of the Millennium Force.

CHLOE STEELE WILLIAMS the daughter of Rayford Steele who was left behind with him and became a member of the Tribulation Force. She was the mother of Kenny Bruce Williams and was heading an underground co-op for the believers. She was captured by Global Community forces and publicly executed.  She is now currently resurrected and heads the Children of the Tribulation school.

BUCK WILLIAMS a reporter for the Global Weekly magazine who also had witnessed the disappearances on the same flight and became a member of the Tribulation Force. He is currently the author of an underground Internet website countering the Global Community's media propaganda with the truth. He was last seen defending Jerusalem from the Global Community Army at the battle of Armageddon.  He is now currently resurrected and heads the Children of the Tribulation school.
KENNY BRUCE WILLIAMS the only child of Buck and Chloe Williams who was born to them halfway during the Tribulation.  He is currently working alongside his parents at the Children of the Tribulation and is one of the founding members of the Millennium Force.

BRUCE BARNES a visitation pastor who worked for the New Hope Village Church, who not only knew about the disappearances, but had also distributed the message left behind by its vanished pastor Vernon Billings. He became for a short time the leader of the Tribulation Force. He had died from poisoning while returning home from a worldwide tour of evangelism. He is now resurrected and currently helping to rebuild countries that have been devastated by the Tribulation judgments.

TSION BEN-JUDAH a Jewish rabbi of Israel who had been studying who the real Messiah is (or was) at the time of the disappearances. He became a member of the Tribulation Force, and was last seen in Petra with Chaim Rosenzweig leading the Israeli/Jewish refugees in devoted worship to the Lord in Petra. He had died defending Jerusalem from the invading Global Community Army at the battle of Armageddon. He is now resurrected and currently helping to rebuild countries that have been devastated by the Tribulation judgments.

CHAIM ROSENZWEIG an Israeli scientist who invented a very important synthetic fertilizer, which has made his country a prime target for countries that wanted to get its hands on it. Chaim's former alliance with Nicolae has allowed Israel to enjoy peace under the protection of the Global Community. However, Chaim began to learn over time the true nature of Nicolae's plans and became a believer, leading the Israeli/Jewish refugees in Petra during Tsion's absence. He is now currently helping to rebuild countries that have been devastated by the Tribulation judgments.

HATTIE DURHAM a former flight attendant whom Rayford Steele almost had a relationship with, until the vanishings took place. She later met Nicolae and became his secretary and his lover, carrying his child. She had broken off her relationship, had delivered a stillborn child, and was looking for revenge against Nicolae. She had since then become a believer and had sacrificed her life in openly opposing the Antichrist and the False Prophet. She was resurrected along with others who had been martyred during the Tribulation.

MAC McCULLUM another former pilot for Nicolae Carpathia, who was later working with fellow believers and members of the Tribulation Force in Petra. He had rescued more than a hundred believers hiding out in New Babylon prior to its destruction. He is now currently helping to rebuild countries that have been devastated by the Tribulation judgments.

DAVID HASSID a high-level director for the Global Community who was an expert computer hacker and bug planter, last seen working with fellow believers and members of the Tribulation Force in Petra. He sacrificed his life while setting up a computer system in Petra for the Israeli/Jewish refugees. He was resurrected along with others who had been martyred during the Tribulation.

LEAH ROSE a former hospital nurse who became a believer and a member of the Tribulation Force, working alongside former New Babylon nurse Hannah Palemoon as part of the underground co-op until the time of the Glorious Appearing.

ABDULLAH SMITH a former Muslim Jordanian pilot who was working with Mac McCullum and other members of the Tribulation Force in Petra.  His two children, Zaki and Bahira, who were both raptured, are the founding members of the Millennium Force.  He himself currently works as a chaplain for a group of The Other Light members in Amman.

ALBIE (Real name unknown) a former Middle East black marketeer of weapons who became a believer and has been working with members of the Tribulation Force. He was killed at the hands of another black marketeer named Mainyu Mazda in a private mission. He was resurrected along with others who had been martyred during the Tribulation.

CHANG WONG a teenage computer expert who was working in New Babylon, taking over where David Hassid left off, keeping the Tribulation Force well informed of all monitoring events of the Global Community up until the "plague of darkness" struck New Babylon. He was in Petra monitoring events leading up to the battle of Armageddon.

MING TOY Chang's sister, who was a former prison guard for the Global Community who has now gone underground with the Tribulation Force. She is currently married to Ree Woo, another new member of the Tribulation Force.

GEORGE SEBASTIAN a Tribulation Force member who had helped with the airlifting of Israeli/Jewish refugees to Petra and has headquartered some of its members in an underground San Diego safe house. He was in charge of operating defense systems and personnel around Petra at the battle of Armageddon up until the time of the Glorious Appearing. He is the father of Beth Ann Sebastian, one of the children born during the Tribulation.

NICOLAE CARPATHIA a newly-elected president of Romania who had emerged at the time of the disappearances to take over as the secretary general of the United Nations, and later potentate of the Global Community. He had been revealed to be the Antichrist in this story series and had declared himself a god, intending to ascend to the highest heavens and be like the Most High. He has been defeated by Jesus Christ and is now spending all of eternity in the Lake of Fire.

LEON FORTUNATO the second-in-command to Nicolae Carpathia in what becomes the Global Community organization. He had been resurrected from the dead by Nicolae himself and has emerged into the role of the False Prophet, the High Father Reverend of Carpathianism. Like Nicolae, Leon was defeated by Jesus Christ and is now spending all of eternity in the Lake of Fire.

PETER MATHEWS a Roman Catholic archbishop from the United States who had been nominated as pope and has eventually become the leader of the amalgamated world belief system known as Enigma Babylon. He was later murdered by the ten subpotentates at the Global Gala.

VIVIANA IVINISOVA (a.k.a. VIV IVINS) a very close family friend of Nicolae Carpathia who had helped implement the "mark of the beast" system. She had remained very devoted to Carpathia despite indignities she had suffered from him. She plays an important part in the prequel book, The Rising. In the Glorious Appearing Dramatic Audio presentation, Viv Ivins was killed by one of the hailstones of the final Bowl Judgment.

SUHAIL AKBAR Nicolae Carpathia's chief of Security Intelligence who was in charge of maintaining order in the Global Community through the Peacekeepers and Morale Monitors. He was later replaced and murdered by Commander Tenzin of the Global Community Unity Army for insubordination

JONATHAN STONAGAL  an international businessman whose relationship is linked to the financed fathering of Nicolae Carpathia for his own personal ends in the LEFT BEHIND prequel books. He was killed along with his partner Joshua Todd-Cothran at the hands of Carpathia when he had chosen his ten subpotentates for the emerging Global Community.

The four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The Books In The Series

Click on the book image above the title for plot summaries and other information

Left Behind

Tribulation Force



Soul Harvest

Apollyon Assassins
The Indwelling The Mark Desecration
The Remnant Armageddon Glorious Appearing
The stories of the Before They Were Left Behind series:
The Rising The Regime The Rapture Kingdom Come





My version of the Global Community logo

LEFT BEHIND The Kids Series

There is also a series of LEFT BEHIND books written for young readers, based on the events in the adult LEFT BEHIND series, that follow the adventures of four devoted teenagers who form their own version of the Tribulation Force to combat the forces of evil in their own neighborhood and beyond. Here is a list of all releases of the book series:

1.  The Vanishings
2.  Second Chance
3.  Through The Flames
4.  Facing The Future
5.  Nicolae High
6.  The Underground
7.  Busted!
8.  Death Strike
9.  The Search
10. On The Run
11. Into The Storm
12. Earthquake
13. The Showdown
14. Judgment Day
15. Battling The Commander
16. Fire From Heaven
17. Terror In The Stadium
18. Darkening Skies
19. Attack Of Apollyon
20. A Dangerous Plan
21. Secrets Of New Babylon
22. Escape From New Babylon
23. Horsemen Of Terror
24. Uplink From The Underground
25. Death At The Gala
26. The Beast Arises
27. Wildfire
28. The Mark Of The Beast
29. Breakout!
30. Murder In The Holy Place
31. Escape To Masada
32. War Of The Dragon
33. Attack on Petra
34. Bounty Hunters
35. Rise of False Messiahs
36. Ominous Choices
37. Heat Wave
38. The Perils of Love
39. The Road to War
40. Triumphant Return

There are also hardcover collections of the LEFT BEHIND: The Kids series books which contain the following stories:

1.  Taken: Books 1-4
2.  Pursued: Books 5-8
3.  Hidden: Books 9-12
4.  Rescued: Books 13-16
5.  Stung: Books 17-19
6.  Frantic: Books 20-22
7.  Shaken : Books 23-25
8.  Unmasked : Books 26-28
9.  Deceived: Books 29-31

10. Protected: Books 32-34
11. Hunted: Books 35-37
12. Arrived: Books 38-40

LEFT BEHIND In Audio & Video


Released on both videocassette and DVD, and in the theatres, the movie version of LEFT BEHIND features Growing Pains' Kirk Cameron in the role of reporter Buck Williams who is out to get the story on the mass vanishings of Christians and the emergence of the new world leader Nicolae Carpathia. It's a pretty good adaptation, though I would want to see the rest of the books in the series translated into movies.


LEFT BEHIND II: TRIBULATION FORCE again features the same actors and actresses from the previous movie (minus the actor who played Chaim Rosenzweig) in the continuing story of the world entering into the time of the seven-year Tribulation with Nicolae Carpathia as the Antichrist rising to power and domination over the world. Here, Buck, Rayford, Chloe, and Bruce work together for the sake of helping Tsion Ben-Judah come to the saving truth of Jesus Christ as the Messiah as preached by the two witnesses who have just emerged to prophesy for 1260 days.


The promised third movie of the series, now called LEFT BEHIND: WORLD AT WAR, has been released in churches (NOT theaters)  October 2005. This movie picks up where LEFT BEHIND II left off, with events taking place from the tail end of Tribulation Force.  Louis Gossett Jr. stars in this movie as President Gerald Fitzhugh, who is at odds with Nicolae Carpathia and his growing Global Community empire.  The Tribulation Force members try to convince Fitzhugh of biblical prophecy coming true before his very eyes as the world heads toward the inevitable opening of the second seal that leads to war.


A reboot film of the first LEFT BEHIND book was released in 2014, this one mostly focusing on the ill-fated flight in which the Rapture takes place. It features an entirely new cast with stars such as Nicholas Cage, Lea Thompson, Cassi Thomson, and Chad Michael Murray.

LEFT BEHIND Dramatic Audio
For those who can't wait for all the LEFT BEHIND books to be made into movies, Tyndale House Publishing and Gap Digital have released the entire book series in the form of Dramatic Audio Theater presentations contained in cassettes and CDs.  It is like listening to a movie where the pictures are in your mind.

Other films you may want to check out that are related to this subject are:
  • Apocalypse
  • Revelation
  • Tribulation
  • Judgment
  • Vanished
  • Future Tense
  • The Moment After
  • The Gathering
  • End Of The Harvest
  • Years Of The Beast
  • Early Warning
  • A Thief In The Night
  • A Distant Thunder
  • Image Of The Beast
  • The Prodigal Planet
  • Megiddo: Omega Code 2
  • Six: The Mark Unleashed
  • Gone
    LEFT BEHIND The Graphic Novels
    Tyndale has released a ten-issue limited series graphic novel based on the first two books of the LEFT BEHIND adult book series, with excellent comicbook-styled art (though it doesn't beat the artistic styling of Alex Ross, whose talent is featured in DC Comics' unrelated Kingdom Come series). Frankly, I would like to see Tyndale continue the series in graphic novel format for the rest of the books in the adult book series.
    LEFT BEHIND: Eternal Forces
    Left Behind Games has released a Windows PC-compatible game called LEFT BEHIND: Eternal Forces, a real-time strategy game where players help the Tribulation Force members reach out to the unbelieving masses while dealing with the forces of evil and Nicolae Carpathia's Global Community agents.  The game was released in November 2006.
    Other Related Fictional Literature

    This isn't CRISIS ON INFINITE EARTHS...this will be for real!

    LEFT BEHIND and all related books and characters are trademarks of Tyndale Publishing